Crime Victim Rights

Victim image

The Michigan Constitution and the Crime Victim’s Rights Act have given crime victims the right to:

  • Be treated throughout the criminal justice process with fairness and respect for their dignity and privacy
  • Timely disposition of the case following the arrest of the accused
  • Receive an explanation of court procedures
  • Reasonable protection from the accused, including having a waiting area separate from the defendant and the defendant’s relatives and witnesses (if practical), and to receive an explanation of procedures to follow if threatened or intimidated by the defendant
  • Be free from threats or acts of discharge from your employer because you are subpoenaed or requested by the prosecutor to testify in court
  • Consult with the prosecutor to give your views about the disposition of the case notice of:
    • Emergency and medical services [from the investigating police agency]
    • The name of the person in the Prosecutor’s Office with information about your case;
    • All scheduled court proceedings, including sentencing;
    • The defendant’s release on bond or escape from custody while awaiting trial;
    • The address and telephone number of the probation department that is preparing the pre-sentence investigation report, if one is ordered by the Judge;
    • Victim compensation benefits, including the address of the Crime Victims Compensation Board, and an explanation of eligibility requirements for compensation funds attend trial and all other court proceedings the accused has the right to attend (except possible sequestration during a trial before you testify)
  • Confer with the prosecution before trial and before the jury is selected.
  • Make an oral statement to a pre-sentence investigator, or to have a written impact statement included in the pre-sentence report.
  • Make an oral or written statement to the court at sentencing.
  • Restitution.
  • Information about the conviction, sentence, imprisonment, and release of the accused.
  • An explanation of the appeal process, to be advised if the defendant has been released on an appeal bond, to be advised of the time and place of appellate court proceedings, and to be advised of the result of an appeal.
  • Prompt return of your property taken during an investigation, except as otherwise provided by the law